Ticks are often found in plants and brush, and can attach to and bite people and animals. Their bites are not harmful; however, these insects can carry serious diseases including Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Most commonly, ticks attach to warm, moist, and hard-to-see parts of the body including the scalp, armpits, groin, skin folds, and other hairy areas. Ticks must be removed properly to minimize the chances of infection from these insects.
Wear appropriate clothing outdoors to reduce exposure
Use tick repellant with DEET
Check for ticks on your body if you spend time in the woods
A Lyme disease- causing bacterium is carried in the bug bite of the deer tick (in the northeastern, mid-Atlantic, and north-central U.S.) or the western blacklegged tick on the Pacific Coast. In most cases, the tick—an insect about 3 to 5 mm long—must be attached 36-48 hours to spread Lyme disease. A circular, red, expanding rash (erythema migrans, or a “bulls-eye” rash) may be one of the first symptoms of Lyme disease. Other symptoms include fatigue, chills, fever, headache, muscle and joint aches, and swollen lymph nodes. Treatment in the early stages with antibiotics is generally effective.
Poisonous Black Widow Spiders
Black widows are about ½ inch wide; with a shiny, black, globular abdomen that has the distinctive red hourglass on the underside. Only the female of the species bites humans. They live throughout the U.S., but most are found in the southern regions.
Black Widow Bites
Black widow spider bite symptoms usually start 20 minutes to one hour following the bite, and can include pain, though not all people experience pain. Other symptoms include muscle cramps and spasms, abdominal pain, tremors, weakness, or a rise in blood pressure. Seek medical attention immediately. Treatment includes antivenin (which counteracts the spider toxin) and pain medications if necessary.